Biomass energy is energy from the sun captured in organic materials derived from plants or animals. Sources of biomass include:
Biomass power generation facilities harness the energy stored in such organic materials to produce clean, renewable power. Biomass power plants use this material for fuel, burning it under controlled, low emissions conditions to generate electricity. Biomass energy can be generated by gasification, pyrolysis, anaerobic digestion or direct combustion (100% biomass combustion or co-firing with coal at existing coal plants).
It is often said that Biomass power is the only power still available when the wind is not blowing & the sun is not shining!
It provides 24 hour baseload power and at the same time, is green & cheap.
Biomass to electrical power facilities are also considered to be carbon neutral as CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions generated by combustion is generally offset by the CO2 emissions consumed during the lifecycle of the plant or tree. By comparison, the CO2 emissions released from the combustion of fossil fuels (such as coal, oil and natural gas) add to the imbalance of carbon emissions in our atmosphere, which contributes to global warming. Furthermore, today's biomass facilities are outfitted with state-of-the-art pollution control equipment to reduce other air pollutants such as particulate matter and nitrogen oxides ("NOx") that would otherwise result from the open burning of biomass or from forest fires.
|Parameters||Wind||Hydro||Solar||Captive Plantation-based Biomass|
|Availability||Seasonal||Fluctuating||Day time||24 hours|
|Location||Site specific||Site specific||Anywhere||Anywhere|
|Capital Cost / MW||6.5 Crores||6-8 Crores||11 Crores||6-7 Crores|
|By-product||Nill||Nill||Nill||Characoal / Activatd
Carbon / Biochar
|Employment potential||Low||Low||Low||Very high|